Forming implementation intentions improves prospective memory in early psychosis

N.-B. Khoyratty, Y. Wang, J.G. O'Gorman, C. Lloyd, P.L. Williams, R.C.K. Chan, Ho Keung David Shum

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


© 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.The study examined whether individuals with early psychosis are impaired in prospective memory (PM), that is, remembering to execute a planned intention in the future, and whether implementation intentions can improve their PM performance. Thirty participants with early psychosis and 33 healthy controls were randomly allocated to either an implementation intentions or control condition and completed a computerised event-based PM task. Participants were also administered two standardised tests of PM and an abbreviated IQ test. Results demonstrated that individuals with early psychosis showed PM deficits relative to healthy controls on the computerised PM task and on some standardised measures of PM. The PM performance of the early psychosis group benefited from forming implementation intentions. Implementation intentions was concluded to be an effective strategy for improving PM performance in individuals with early psychosis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-271
Number of pages7
JournalPsychiatry Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Brief Assessment of Prospective Memory (BAPM)
  • Cambridge Prospective Memory Test (CAMPROMPT)
  • Dual-task
  • Event-based PM
  • Mental rehearsal
  • Remediation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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