Formation of Ge nanocrystals by utilizing nanocluster source

P. F. Lee, J. Y. Dai, H. L.W. Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


A novel method has been introduced in the fabrication process of semiconductor nanocrystal (NC). It consists of a magnetron sputtering system connects with an ultra-high vacuum (UHV) chamber. By varying aggregation lengths, sputtering gas (Ar) pressure and ionization power, nanoclusters of semiconductor material with different sizes can be formed. Multi-layered thin film structure with the embedment of Ge nanocrystals (Ge-NC) has been achieved by utilizing this new type of combination of two vacuum coating systems. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy study revealed that the average size of the Ge-NCs formed is about 10-30 nm in diameter and uniformly distributed for various growth conditions. The trilayer structure (HfAlO/Ge-NC/HfAlO/Si) was fabricated by pulsed-laser deposition and NC200U nanocluster source at a relatively low growth temperature with different growth time of Ge-NCs. The memory effect manifested by the counterclockwise hysteresis loop in the C-V measurement showed that a charge density of 3×1010cm-2and a flat band voltage shift of 1.5 V have been achieved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817-822
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science in Semiconductor Processing
Issue number4-5 SPEC. ISS.
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2006


  • Ge
  • Nanocluster source
  • Nonvolatile memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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