Formal Social Participation and Utilization of Community-based Services among Urban Elderly Chinese Living Alone in Shanghai, China

Hongmei Tong, Daniel W.L. Lai, Christine A. Walsh

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This research examined formal social participation among elderly Chinese adults living alone and the association between utilization of community-based services and formal social participation, which refers to participation in employment, volunteer jobs, and social groups. Using a secondary analysis on a survey data from a simple random sample of 228 adults aged 60 and older living alone in a Shanghai neighborhood, it was found that only small percentage of older adults living alone were involved in formal social participation. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that use of community-based services is significantly associated with formal social participation among elderly Chinese living alone. Thus, future policies and programs should focus on strengthening community-based services for elderly Chinese, to more effectively promote and facilitate their social participation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)520-529
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Social Service Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 8 Aug 2019


  • community-based services
  • elderly Chinese
  • living alone
  • Social participation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

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