Forecasting tourism-generated employment: The case of Denmark

Stephen F. Witt, Haiyan Song, Stephen Wanhill

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


The empirical results from a forecasting competition show that the unrestricted vector autoregressive model is likely to generate the most accurate forecasts of international tourist expenditure in Denmark. This model is therefore estimated (using data for 1969-99) and is used to generate tourism expenditure forecasts for Denmark to 2010. The employment requirements (direct, indirect and induced) associated with these expenditure forecasts are then estimated using an input-output model. The forecasts of employment demands are shown across all industrial sectors, and linked to qualifications data in respect of the labour force. The major impacts of foreign tourist expenditure on employment in Denmark occur in the retail, hotel and restaurant sectors. Foreign tourist expenditure is also significantly associated with graduate employment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-176
Number of pages10
JournalTourism Economics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Tourism employment forecasts
  • Tourist expenditure forecasts
  • Vector autoregressive model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


Dive into the research topics of 'Forecasting tourism-generated employment: The case of Denmark'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this