Flux pinning optimization of MgB2bulk samples prepared using high-energy ball milling and addition of TaB2

Durval Rodrigues, Jianyi Jiang, Ye Zhu, Paul Voyles, David C. Larbalestier, Eric E. Hellstrom

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


MgB2is considered to be an important conductor for applications. Optimizing flux pinning in these conductors can improve their critical currents. Doping can influence flux pinning efficiency and grain connectivity, and also affect the resistivity, upper critical field and critical temperature. This study was designed to attempt the doping of MgB2on the Mg sites with metal-diborides using high-energy ball milling.MgB2samples were prepared by milling pre-reacted MgB2and TaB2Powders using a Spex 8000M mill with WC jars and balls in a nitrogen-filled glove box. The mixing concentration in (Mg1-xTax)B2was up to x = 0.10. Samples were removed from the WC jars after milling times up to 4000 minutes and formed into pellets using cold isostatic pressing. The pellets were heat treated in a hot isostatic press (HIP) at 1000° C under a pressure of 30 kpsi for 24 hours. The influence that milling time and TaB2addition had on the microstructure and the resulting superconducting properties of TaB2-added MgB2is discussed. Improvement of JCat high magnetic fields and of pinning could be obtained in milled samples with added TaB2. The sample with added 5at.%TaB2and milled for 300 minutes showed values of Jc∼ 7 X 105A/cm2and Fp∼ 14 GN/m3at 2 T, 4.2 K. The milled and TaB2-mixed samples showed higher values of u,oHirrthan the unmilled-un- mixed sample.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5153177
Pages (from-to)2797-2801
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Addition of diborides
  • High-energy ball milling
  • MgB 2
  • Microstructural and superconducting characterization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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