Flow-induced vibration of an elastic airfoil due to the wake propagating from an upstream cylinder at a Reynolds number of 10 000 based on cylinder diameter D was investigated. A laser vibrometer was employed to measure the bending and torsional vibration displacements at the mid-span of the airfoil and the cylinder. The dimensionless gap size S/D between the two structures was selected as the governing parameter of the flow-induced vibration problem. It is found that the vibration amplitudes of the elastic airfoil and the vortex shedding frequency of the coupled cylinder-airfoil system are strongly dependent on S/D, due to the different fluid-structure interaction experienced by the airfoil at various S/D. Strong vortex-induced vibration of the airfoil appears to be excited by the organized Karman-vortex-street (KVS) vortices in the cylinder wake for S/D>3 and becomes stabilized for S/D≤3. However, as a result of the shear-layer-induced vibration at an appropriate frequency, structural resonance is also found to occur even though the airfoil is located in the stabilizing range. The occurrence of structural resonance is further supported by a complementary experiment where the slender structure is an elastic flat plate. This phenomenon indicates that assuming the structures in any fluid-structure interaction problem to be rigid is not appropriate, even though they might appear to be highly stiff. The experimental results were used to validate a numerical model previously developed to estimate the structural responses in complicated fluid-structure interaction problems. Al rights reserved.
|Number of pages||23|
|Journal||Journal of Fluids and Structures|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanical Engineering