Flexural strengthening of reinforced concrete beams using geopolymer-bonded small-diameter CFRP bars

Kai Di Peng, Bo Tao Huang, Ling Yu Xu, Ruo Lin Hu, Jian Guo Dai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the strengthening system for reinforced concrete (RC) members using geopolymer-bonded small-diameter carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) bars was proposed and investigated for the first time. An experimental program was conducted to evaluate the efficiency of the FRP-reinforced geopolymer matrix (FRGM) system for the flexural strengthening of RC beams. A total of 11 RC beams were tested, including ten strengthened beams and one reference beam. The influences of three major factors on the strengthening performance were investigated, including the bonding method (geopolymer vs. epoxy), fiber reinforcement in the matrix (plain geopolymer vs. steel or polyvinyl alcohol fiber-reinforced geopolymer), and the number/diameter of CFRP bars (7Φ3, 2Φ6, and 2Φ10). It was found that the strengthened beams showed significantly higher stiffnesses, yield loads, and ultimate loads than the reference beam and the geopolymer-bonded FRGM layer showed similar strengthening efficiency with the epoxy-bonded FRGM layer. For the FRGM strengthening system, the use of short fibers in the geopolymer matrix further improved the crack control capacity. An analytical investigation was conducted to predict the load capacities of the strengthened beams. Finally, a practical application case was presented to demonstrate the feasibility of this method in strengthening the concrete superstructure at The Port of Zhanjiang (Guangdong, China). The findings lay the groundwork for using this FRGM system to repair reinforced concrete structures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113992
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2022


  • Alkali-activated fly ash/slag
  • Carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP)
  • Geopolymer
  • Practical application
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Small-diameter bars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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