Flexural behaviour of stainless steel oval hollow sections

M. Theofanous, Tak Ming Chan, L. Gardner

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


Structural hollow sections are predominantly square, rectangular or circular in profile. While square and circular hollow sections are often the most effective in resisting axial loads, rectangular hollow sections, with greater stiffness about one principal axis than the other, are generally more suitable in bending. Oval or elliptical hollow sections (EHS) combine the aesthetic external profile of circular hollow sections with the suitability for resisting flexure of rectangular sections, whilst also retaining the inherent torsional stiffness offered by all tubular sections. This paper examines the structural response of recently introduced stainless steel oval hollow sections (OHS) in bending and presents design recommendations. In-plane bending tests in the three-point configuration about both the major and minor axes were conducted. All tested specimens were cold-formed from Grade 1.4401 stainless steel and had an aspect ratio of approximately 1.5. The full moment-rotation responses of the specimens were recorded and have been presented herein. The tests were replicated numerically by means of non-linear finite element (FE) analysis and parametric studies were performed to investigate the influence of key parameters, such as the aspect ratio and the cross-section slenderness, on the flexural response. Based on both the experimental and numerical results, structural design recommendations for stainless steel OHS in bending in accordance with Eurocode 3: Part 1.4 have been made.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)776-787
Number of pages12
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Issue number6-7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Beam
  • Bending
  • Cross-section
  • Elliptical
  • Experiments
  • Finite element
  • Hollow section
  • Numerical modelling
  • Oval
  • Stainless steel
  • Structural testing
  • Tubular construction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering

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