In this study, the use of flexographic printing was investigated for low cost, high volume production of devices incorporating nanowires through the printing of zinc acetate precursors on a substrate used to form zinc oxide (ZnO) seeds for the growth of nanowires using a hydrothermal growth technique. The printing of precursors allows the selective area growth of ZnO nanowires, which has implications in high-yield production of devices incorporating ZnO nanowires. The work presented here achieved printed line widths of <60 μm with low edge distortion (<3 μm) using a printing plate with a line width of 50 μm. The hydrothermally grown ZnO nanowires show uniform density of growth over the printed area with nanowire diameters between 40 and 60 nm on both silicon and polyimide substrates. Energy-dispersive x-ray spectra showed contamination-free crystals with a 1:1 (zinc to oxygen) stoichiometry. Crystal orientation is along the c-axis with high quality crystalline structure shown using x-ray diffraction spectroscopy and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. A ZnO nanowire gas sensor, fabricated using the flexographic printing technique, is demonstrated. Such a printing-assisted fabrication offers low cost, high volume production of devices incorporating ZnO nanowires, ranging from gas sensors to field emission devices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering