Fixation stability using soft contact lenses versus built-in auto-focus in OCTA of myopes

Kwok Cheung Andrew Lam, Kin Hei Lau, Ho Yin Wong, Pui-kwan Jasmine Lam, Man-for Yeung

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: High myopia has been found to be associated with reduced retinal capillary vasculature. Optical defocus could lead to erroneous OCTA measurement. Some OCTA systems have built-in ocular lenses to compensate refractive defocus. We hypothesized that inadequate optical correction could lead to fixation instability, hence affecting OCTA measurements.

Methods: Seventy eyes of 70 myopes (35: spherical equivalent >-3D, 35: spherical equivalent <-6D) had OCTA measured using a Cirrus SD-OCT. Three measurements were obtained using a 6x6 mm scan (350x350 pixels) centered at the fovea, first with soft contact lens correction, followed by using the built-in Auto Focus correction after removal of contact lenses. Valid OCTA scans had signal strength of ≧7 and no obvious artefacts. Fixation stability of the 3 OCTA scans was analyzed in terms of deviation (in pixel) of the fovea from the centre of the 350x350 grid (Figure 1). OCTA metrics, namely vessel length density (VD) and perfusion area density (PD) using the ETDRS format, and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) were averaged from the three OCTA scans and compared between different correction methods.

Results: Low myopes (-1.89D±0.75D) and high myopes (-8.10D±1.34D) had similar age. Fixation stability of low myopes from three OCTA scans (test-retest repeatability) was similar between the two correction modes (contact lens: 10 pixels vs Auto Focus: 7 pixels). High myopes had poor fixation stability when corrected with Auto Focus (test-retest repeatability: 17 pixels) compared with using contact lenses (12 pixels). Signal strength was higher in low myopes than high myopes when corrected with contact lenses (8.96 vs 8.40) and Auto Focus (8.82 vs 8.17). When combining the two groups, only VD at the outer ring and PD of the entire 6mm circle showed significant difference between the two correction methods. VD and PD results were smaller when using Auto Focus. No significant difference in FAZ was found.

Conclusions: Fixation was more stable in OCTA measurement when myopes were corrected with soft contact lenses, especially high myopes. In general, VD, PD, and FAZ were similar using different correction methods that could be due to using averaged results from three OCTA scans. Multiple OCTA scan averaging approach is recommended.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Pages1883
Volume62
ISBN (Electronic)1552-5783
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021
EventAssociation for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) Annual Meeting -
Duration: 1 May 20217 May 2021

Conference

ConferenceAssociation for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) Annual Meeting
Period1/05/217/05/21

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