First Principles simulations of nanoscale silicon devices with uniaxial strain

Lining Zhang, Ferdows Zahid, Yu Zhu, Lei Liu, Jian Wang, Hong Guo, Philip Ching Ho Chan, Mansun Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


We report parameter-free first principle atomistic simulations of quantum transport in Si nanochannels under uniaxial strain. Our model is based on the density functional theory (DFT) analysis within the Keldysh nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF) formalism. By employing a recently proposed semi-local exchange along with the coherent potential approximation we investigate the transport properties of two-terminal Si nanodevices composed of large number of atoms and atomic dopants. Simulations of the two-terminal device based on the NEGF-DFT are compared quantitatively with the traditional continuum model to establish an important accuracy benchmark. For bulk Si crystals, we calculated the effects of uniaxial strain on band edges and effective masses. For two-terminal Si nanochannels with their channel length of {\sim}{10}~{\rm nm}, we study the effects of uniaxial strain on the electron transport. With 0.5% uniaxial tensile strain, the conductance along [110] direction is increased by {\sim}{8\%} and that along [001] is increased by {\sim}{2\%}, which are comparable with the other reported results. This paper qualitatively and quantitatively shows the current capability of first principle atomistic simulations of nanoscale semiconductor devices.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6578149
Pages (from-to)3527-3533
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2013


  • Density functional theory (DFT)
  • first principles
  • nanoscale devices
  • nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF)
  • quantum transport
  • uniaxial strain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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