First observation of labile arsenic stratification in aluminum sulfate-amended sediments using high resolution Zr-oxide DGT

Juan Lin, Qin Sun, Shiming Ding, Dan Wang, Yan Wang, Daniel C.W. Tsang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Arsenic contamination in sediments has received increasing attention because it may be released to the water and threaten aquatic organisms. In this study, aluminum sulfate (ALS) was used to immobilize As in sediments through dosage-series and time-series experiments. Diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) was used to obtain labile As at a vertically 2.0 mm resolution. Our results indicated that a “static” layer with extremely low labile As concentration (minimally 0.13 mg L− 1) with weak variation (< 30% RSD) formed within the top 12 mm sediment layer at the dosage of 6–12 ALS/Asmobile(kmol mol− 1, Asmobilemeans the total mobile As in top 40 mm sediment) and on days 30–80 after amendment at the dosage of 9 ALS/Asmobile. The maximum labile As decreased from 1.83 to 0.99 μg L− 1and from 1.96 to 1.20 μg L− 1in the dosage-series (3–12 ALS/Asmobile) and time-series (10–80 days) experiments, respectively, while the depths showing the maximal concentrations moved deeper from 22 to 34 mm and 20 to 32 mm in the sediments. It implied a reduced upward diffusion potential of labile As to the static layer in deeper sediments. Both distribution coefficient for As between sediment solid pool and pore water (Kd) and the adsorption rate constant (k1) consistently increased, reflecting that As release from sediment solid became increasingly difficult with the progress of ALS immobilization. The results of this millimeter-scale investigation showed that ALS could efficiently immobilize As in sediments under simulated conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-310
Number of pages7
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2017


  • Aluminum sulfate
  • Arsenic
  • Capping
  • Sediment
  • Zr-oxide DGT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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