Fire resistance design of un-protected FRP-strengthened RC beams

Wan Yang Gao, Jianguo Dai, Jinguang Teng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


ÂIn the strengthening of reinforced concrete (RC) structures with fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites, fire resistance design is an important issue. If fire insulation is not provided, the fire resistance of an FRP-strengthened RC beam can be approximated as that of an equivalent bare RC beam with a much higher load ratio as the mechanical resistance of the unprotected FRP strengthening system disappears within minutes of fire initiation. Due to this difference in load ratio, existing fire resistance design methods for conventional RC beams cannot be used in the fire resistance design of these equivalent bare RC beams. This paper aims to address this deficiency in existing research by presenting a reliable design method for the fire resistance of bare RC beams that provides close predictions for a wide range of load ratios, particularly those of high load ratios. Numerical results obtained using an advanced finite element approach developed by the authors are presented to examine the effects of various parameters on the fire resistance of bare RC beams, including the load ratio, the concrete cover depth, the reinforcement ratio of tension steel rebars, the distribution ratio of tension steel rebars, the cross-sectional dimensions, and the aggregate type of concrete. A design equation for predicting the fire resistance period of bare RC beams under standard fire exposure, formulated on the basis of the numerical results, is proposed. It is demonstrated that the proposed equation provides reasonably close fire resistance predictions for bare RC beams with a wide range of load ratios.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5357-5371
Number of pages15
JournalMaterials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016


  • Design method
  • FE modeling
  • Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)
  • Fire resistance
  • RC beam
  • Standard fire
  • Strengthening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials


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