Finite element modelling of natural-convection-controlled change of phase

Asif Sohail Usmani, R.W. Lewis, K.N. Seetharamu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


The problem of phase change in the presence of natural convection has been investigated. A model has been proposed based on the treatment of the release/absorption of latent heat as a heat source/sink in combination with the standard Galerkin finite element method with a primitive variable formulation on a fixed grid. To demonstrate the capabilities of the model, three cases of phase change of an aluminium alloy in the presence of natural convection arc considered, i.e. solidification, melting and combined solidification and melting. The solidification of water in a square cavity is modelled as another example, taking into account the density extremum, and the results are compared with a previously published work. Copyright © 1992 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1019-1036
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • Heat source method
  • Melting
  • Natural convection
  • Phase change
  • Solidification
  • Square cavity
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics


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