Finite element based dynamic analysis of viscoelastic solids using the approximation of Volterra integrals

Alireza Keramat, Kourosh Heidari Shirazi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Two new finite element based methods for time-domain dynamic analysis of viscoelastic solids are proposed in this research. The viscoelastic property is given by either the relaxation or creep functions and is simulated by the conventional generalized Kelvin-Voigt model. The viscoelastic behavior during the dynamic response is taken into account by the Volterra integral. This avoids the difficulties associated with the need for high order time-derivatives used in differential models of viscoelasticity. An accurate numerical approximation for the Volterra integrals is provided. It is used for implementation of the finite-element procedure in the time domain by the introduction of additional terms to the mass matrix (or the stiffness matrix) and the force vector. The additional terms are functions of calculations at the previous time step. In the two provided finite element formulations, one uses the relaxation and the other employs the creep compliance function. This makes it unnecessary to calculate the creep function from the given relaxation modulus or vice versa which are cumbersome operations. As a case study, the wave propagation in a one- and three-dimensional viscoelastic rod subject to a step and sinusoidal load is formulated and solved by the proposed two finite element methods. The computations were validated by direct solutions based on the Laplace transform method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-100
Number of pages12
JournalFinite Elements in Analysis and Design
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Axial vibration
  • Creep and relaxation
  • Finite Element Method
  • Laplace transform
  • Longitudinal wave propagation
  • Viscoelasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • General Engineering
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Applied Mathematics


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