Finite element analysis of three-dimensional (3D) auxetic textile composite under compression

Jifang Zeng, Hong Hu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reports a finite element (FE) analysis of three-dimensional (3D) auxetic textile composite by using commercial software ANSYS 15 under compression. The two-dimensional (2D) FE model was first developed and validated by experiment. Then, the validated model was used to evaluate effects of structural parameters and constituent material properties. For the comparison, 3D non-auxetic composite that was made with the same constituent materials and structural parameters, but with different yarn arrangement in the textile structure was also analyzed at the same time. The analysis results showed that the auxetic and non-auxetic composites have different compression behaviors and the auxetic composite has better the energy absorption capacity than the non-auxetic composite under the same compression stress. The study has provided us a guidance to design and fabricate auxetic composites with the required mechanical behavior by appropriately selecting structural parameters and constituent materials.
Original languageEnglish
Article number374
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2018


  • 3D textile auxetic composite
  • Compression properties
  • Finite element (FE) analysis
  • Negative Poisson's ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics


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