Finite and transversely isotropic elastic cylinders under compression with end constraint induced by friction

X. X. Wei, Kam Tim Chau

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


This paper derives an exact solution for the non-uniform stress and displacement fields within a finite, transversely isotropic, and linear elastic cylinder under compression with a kind of radial constraint induced by friction between the end surfaces of the cylinder and the loading platens. The main feature of the present work is the introduction of a general solution form for Lekhnitskii's stress function such that the governing equation and all end and curved boundary conditions of the cylinder are satisfied exactly. Two different solutions were obtained corresponding to the real or complex characteristic roots of the governing equation, depending on the combination of the elastic material constants. The solution by Watanabe [Watanabe, S., 1996. Elastic analysis of axi-symmetric finite cylinder constrained radial displacement on the loading end. Structural Engineering/Earthquake Engineering JSCE 13, 175s-185s] for isotropic cylinders under compression test can be recovered as a special case. Our numerical results show that both the non-uniform stress distribution and the difference between the apparent and the true Young's moduli of the cylinder are very sensitive to the anisotropy of Young's moduli, Poisson's ratios and shear moduli. A more distinct bulging shape of the cylinder is expected when anisotropy in shear modulus is strong, the cylinder is relatively short, and the end constraint is large. The bulging shape, however, does not depend strongly on anisotropy of either Poisson's ratio or Young's modulus.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1953-1965
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2009


  • Analytical solution
  • Compression tests
  • Finite cylinder
  • Friction effect
  • Stress concentrations
  • Transversely isotropic materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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