Financial fraud against older people in Hong Kong: assessing and predicting the fear and perceived risk of victimization

Chi Mei Jessica Li, Gabriel T.W. Wong, Matthew Manning, Yeung Dannii

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


While the majority of studies on the fear of crime focus on the impact of violent and property crimes at the population level, financial fraud against senior citizens is often under-investigated. This study uses data collected from 1061 older citizens in the community through a cross-sectional survey in Hong Kong to examine the levels of fear and perceived risk among Chinese senior citizens toward financial fraud and the factors behind them. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the explanatory power of four theoretical perspectives (vulnerability, victimization, social integration, and satisfaction with police) on fear and perceived risk of fraud victimization. The results indicate significant predictive effects of victimization experience and satisfaction with police fairness and integrity on both the fear and the perceived risk of fraud among respondents. The findings not only confirm the differential impact of theoretical explanations on these constructs but can also contribute to crime prevention policy and practice in an aging society.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1233
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022


  • Crime prevention
  • Fear of crime
  • Financial fraud
  • Hong Kong
  • Older citizens
  • Police

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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