Filtration Efficiency of Non-Uniform Fibrous Filters

D. Shou, Jintu Fan, H. Zhang, X. Qian, L. Ye

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Copyright © American Association for Aerosol Research.Although theoretical models of the filtration efficiency of fibrous filters are typically based on a single type of fiber in an ordered array, many actual fibrous filters comprises fibers that are inherently randomly distributed. It is desirable to be able to estimate the filtration efficiency of such non-uniform fibrous filters from their composition arrangement and the filtration property of individual fibers. Toward that end, we approximate the filter system as a series of cells comprising individual fibers with random distribution, deviating from the homogeneity assumption in the classical models. With better characterization of the filter structure based on the Voronoi diagram, we theoretically revisit filtration efficiency by the top-down (TD) approach and the bottom-up approach. The proposed models are compared with the existing experimental and numerical results under different fiber volume fractions, indicating the high accuracy of the TD model for the filtration of submicron aerosol particles. The influence of the degree of randomness of fiber distribution on filtration efficiency is also quantified.Copyright 2015 American Association for Aerosol Research © 2015
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)912-919
Number of pages8
JournalAerosol Science and Technology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Pollution


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