Field test and numerical reconstitution of natural winds at the tunnel entrance section of high-speed railway

Weichao Yang, Yikang Liu, E. Deng, Youwu Wang, Xuhui He, Mingfeng Lei, Yunfeng Zou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to understand the natural wind field characteristics of the tunnel entrance section and analyzing the aerodynamic performance of high-speed railway trains (HSRTs) under natural winds. Design/methodology/approach: Three typical tunnel entrance section sites, namely, tunnel–bridge in a dry canyon (TBDC), tunnel–bridge in a river canyon (TBRC) and tunnel–flat ground (TF), are selected to conduct a continuous wind field measurement. Based on the measured wind characteristics, the natural winds of the TBDC and TF sites are reconstituted and imported into the two corresponding full-scale computational fluid dynamics models. The aerodynamic loads of the HSRT running on TBDC and TF with reconstituted winds are simply analyzed. Findings: The von Kármán spectrum can be used to describe the wind field at the tunnel entrance section. In the reconstituted natural wind condition, a time-varying feature of wind speed distribution and leeward side vortex around the HSRT caused by the wind speed fluctuation is found. The fluctuating amplitude of aerodynamic loads at the TBDC infrastructure is up to 97.9% larger than that at the TF infrastructure. Originality/value: The natural wind characteristics at tunnel entrance sections on the high-speed railway are first measured and analyzed. A numerical reconstitution scheme considering the temporal and spatial variation of natural wind speed is proposed and verified based on field measurement results. The aerodynamic performance of an HSRT under reconstituted natural winds is first investigated.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Aerodynamic loads
  • High-speed railway train
  • Natural wind characteristics
  • Numerical reconstitution
  • Tunnel entrance section

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics


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