Field measurements and analyses of environmental vibrations induced by high-speed Maglev

Guo Qiang Li, Zhi Lu Wang, Suwen Chen, You Lin Xu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Maglev, offers competitive journey-times compared to the railway and subway systems in markets for which distance between the stations is 100–1600 km owing to its high acceleration and speed; however, such systems may have excessive vibration. Field measurements of Maglev train-induced vibrations were therefore performed on the world's first commercial Maglev line in Shanghai, China. Seven test sections along the line were selected according to the operating conditions, covering speeds from 150 to 430 km/h. Acceleration responses of bridge pier and nearby ground were measured in three directions and analyzed in both the time and frequency domain. The effects of Maglev train speed on vibrations of the bridge pier and ground were studied in terms of their peak accelerations. Attenuation of ground vibration was investigated up to 30 m from the track centerline. Effects of guideway configuration were also analyzed based on the measurements through two different test sections with same train speed of 300 km/h. The results showed that peak accelerations exhibited a strong correlation with both train speed and distance off the track. Guideway configuration had a significant effect on transverse vibration, but a weak impact on vertical and longitudinal vibrations of both bridge pier and ground. Statistics indicated that, contrary to the commonly accepted theory and experience, vertical vibration is not always dominant: transverse and longitudinal vibrations should also be considered, particularly near turns in the track. Moreover, measurements of ground vibration induced by traditional high-speed railway train were carried out with the same testing devices in Bengbu in the Anhui Province. Results showed that the Maglev train generates significantly different vibration signatures as compared to the traditional high-speed train. The results obtained from this paper can provide good insights on the impact of Maglev system on the urban environment and the quality of human life nearby.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1295-1307
Number of pages13
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume568
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • Frequency domain
  • Ground vibration
  • Guideway configuration
  • Maglev
  • Pier vibration
  • Three directional vibrations
  • Time domain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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