Ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of [(Bi0.98La0.02Na1-xLix)0.5]0.94Ba0.06TiO3lead-free ceramics

Dunmin Lin, Kin Wing Kwok

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Lead-free ceramics [(Bi0.98La0.02Na1-xLix)0.5]0.94Ba0.06TiO3have been prepared by an ordinary sintering technique and their ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties have been studied. The results of X-ray diffraction reveal that Li+, Ba2+, and La3+diffuse into the Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3lattices to form a new solid solution with a pure perovskite structure. The partial substitution of Li+lowers the coercive field Ecand improves the remanent polarization Pr. Because of the larger Prand lower Ec, the ceramic with x = 0.10 exhibits optimum piezoelectric properties: d33= 212 pC/N and kP= 36.1%. The partial substitution of Li+for Na+shifts the depolarization temperature Tdtoward low temperature. The ceramics exhibit relaxor characteristic, which is probably resulted from the cation disordering in the 12-fold coordination sites. The temperature dependences of the ferroelectric and dielectric properties suggest that the ceramics contain both the polar and non-polar regions near/above Td, which cause the polarization hysteresis loop become deformed and the ceramics become depolarized.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4953-4958
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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