Ferroelastic domain structure and phase transition in single-crystalline [PbZn1/3Nb2/3O3]1-x[PbTiO3]xobserved via in situ x-ray microbeam

Tao Li, Zehui Du, Nobumichi Tamura, Mao Ye, Saikumar Inguva, Wei Lu, Xierong Zeng, Shanming Ke, Haitao Huang

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3 Citations (Scopus)


(1-x)Pb(Zn 1/3Nb 2/3)O 3-xPbTiO 3 ((1-x)PZN-xPT in short) is one of the most important piezoelectric materials. In this work, we extensively investigated (1-x)PZN-xPT (x = 0.07–0.11) ferroelectric single crystals using in-situ synchrotron μXRD, complemented by TEM and PFM, to correlate microstructures with phase transitions. The results reveal that (i) at 25 °C, the equilibrium state of (1-x)PZN-xPT is a metastable orthorhombic phase for x = 0.07 and 0.08, while it shows coexistence of orthorhombic and tetragonal phases for x = 0.09 and x = 0.11, with all ferroelectric phases accompanied by ferroelastic domains; (ii) upon heating, the phase transformation in x = 0.07 is Orthorhombic → Monoclinic → Tetragonal → Cubic. The coexistence of ferroelectric tetragonal and paraelectric cubic phases was in-situ observed in x = 0.08 above Curie temperature (T C), and (iii) phase transition can be explained by the evolution of the ferroelectric and ferroelastic domains. These results disclose that (1-x)PZN-xPT are in an unstable regime, which is possible factor for its anomalous dielectric response and high piezoelectric coefficient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1488-1497
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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