Feasibility of utilising porous aggregates for carbon sequestration in concrete

Renjie Mi, Tao Yu, Chi Sun Poon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon sequestration in concrete has attracted increasing research attention. CO2 may be permanently stored in the cement paste of concrete by chemical reaction with the hydration products of cement, but this method leads to a significant reduction of the pH value of the concrete pore solution and may thus put the steel reinforcement at risk of corrosion. This paper proposes a new method for carbon sequestration in concrete using the space in porous coarse aggregates; the method involves presoaking the porous aggregates in an alkaline slurry and then using them for CO2 sequestration. The potential of utilising the space in the porous aggregates and the cations in the alkaline slurry is first discussed. An experimental study aiming to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed method is then presented. The results show that CO2 can be successfully sequestrated and fixed as CaCO3 in the open pores of coarse coral aggregate presoaked in a Ca(OH)2 slurry. The amount of CO2 sequestration by concrete produced using the presoaked coral aggregate was around 20 kg/m3. Importantly, the proposed CO2 sequestration method did not affect the strength development of the concrete or the pH value of the concrete pore solution.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115924
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume228
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • Alkaline slurry
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Concrete
  • Open pores
  • Porous aggregates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • General Environmental Science

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