Fear of virtual reality : theoretical case study on photography

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Virtual Reality (VR) has absorbed a great deal of attention in new media research. However,it is not always welcomed, especially with respect to the odd experience of dealing with the virtual world it provides. This paper is an attempt to understand the fear of VR by taking photography as a parameter. By discussing the importance of materiality in visual communications, photography’stakingprocessandVR’smakingprocess,andtwotypesofrealities(i.e.theindexicalandthesimulacral) provided by photography and VR respectively, this paper analyzes the reason for the fear that VR hasaroused, and suggests a critical though tolerant attitude towards VR and photography.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-97
Number of pages11
JournalInternational journal of the image
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Virtual Reality (VR)
  • Photography
  • Fear
  • Image
  • Media


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