Fear Avoidance Behavior, Not Walking Endurance, Predicts the Community Reintegration of Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors

Tai Wa Liu, Sheung Mei Shamay Ng, Patrick W. Kwong, Gabriel Y. Ng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Objective To examine the contribution of walking endurance, subjective balance confidence, and fear avoidance behavior to community reintegration among community-dwelling stroke survivors. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting University-based rehabilitation center. Participants Patients with chronic stroke (N=57) aged ≥50 years. Interventions None. Main Outcome Measure The Chinese version of the Community Integration Measure (CIM). Results Our correlation analyses revealed that fear avoidance behavior as measured by the Chinese version of the Survey of Activities and Fear of Falling in the Elderly (SAFE) scores had the highest significant negative correlation with CIM scores among all the variables tested. Our regression analyses also revealed that walking endurance and subjective balance confidence were not significant predictors of CIM scores. Based on scores on the number of falls in the previous 6 months, Chinese version of the Geriatric Depression Scale scores, distance covered in the 6-minute walk test, and Chinese versions of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale scores and SAFE scores, our final regression model predicted 49.7% of the variance in the Chinese version of the CIM scores. Conclusions The levels of walking endurance and subjective balance confidence are not significant predictors of community reintegration of community-dwelling stroke survivors but the fear avoidance behavior. Future studies addressing fear avoidance behavior is clearly warranted for stroke rehabilitation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1684-1690
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015


  • Fear
  • Rehabilitation
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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