FcγRIIIA Negatively Impacts Humoral Immune Responses but Not Overall Lung Inflammation in an Ovalbumin-Induced Allergic Asthma Mouse Model

Pingping Zhou, Tongqian Wu, Xiaoqian Jin, Jing Li, Haijian Yan, Ling Zhou, Yali Huang, Jun Wang, Haiyan Zhou, Xiaoping Zhu, Xiang Zou, Yu Fang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Fcγ receptors (FcγR) play substantial immune regulatory roles both positively and negatively in pathophysiological processes including allergy and asthma. Compared with FcγRIIB which is classically defined as an inhibitory receptor, mouse FcγRIIIA and its functional human homologue FcγRIIA have been assumed to be activating receptors. However, evidence demonstrating inhibitory regulation by mouse FcγRIIIA has recently been emerging. Objective: To dissect the contributory roles of mouse FcγRIIIA (human FcγRIIA) in parallel with FcγRIIB in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced mouse model of asthma and to preliminarily assess the correlation of the respective FcγR with circulating IgE levels in human asthma patients. Methods: Wild-type, FcγRIIB-/-, and FcγRIIIA-/- mice were used in an OVA-induced asthma model followed by assessment of the allergic pathology focused on the lung tissues. Expression levels of FcγRIIB, FcγRIIA, and FcγRIIIA on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) together with the circulating IgE levels in the serum from patients with allergic asthma were analysed. Results: Although enhanced humoral immune responses typically represented by augmented OVA-specific IgG and IgE levels in serum were observed in the absence of FcγRIIIA in the mouse asthma model, no overall regulation by FcγRIIIA, especially in terms of those parameters measuring lung tissue inflammation, was recorded. As expected, in the absence of FcγRIIB, augmented immune responses measured as serum antibody levels as well as those in various regulatory pathways in this mouse asthma model were observed. The expression levels of human FcγRIIB but not FcγRIIA were negatively correlated with serum levels of IgE in human asthma patients. Conclusion: We did not find major evidence demonstrating an immune inhibitory role of mouse FcγRIIIA in this OVA-induced mouse asthma model. As asthma is a complex disease and the immune regulatory responses involve sophisticated components and pathways, the exact roles of FcγRIIIA as well as its human functional homologue FcγRIIA in asthma still await further clarification using other mouse asthma models as well as clinical studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-73
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Volume176
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2018

Keywords

  • Airway inflammation
  • Allergic asthma
  • Allergy
  • Fcγ receptor
  • FcγRIIIA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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