Fathering Self-Efficacy, Marital Satisfaction and Father Involvement in Hong Kong

Sylvia Y.C.L. Kwok, Chloe C.Y. Ling, Cyrus L.K. Leung, Chi Mei Jessica Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


We examined the predictability of fathering self-efficacy and marital satisfaction on father involvement. The moderating effect of marital satisfaction on the relationship between father efficacy and father involvement was also explored. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using the convenience sampling method. A total of 2,029 valid questionnaires were collected from fathers with children aged 2-6 from 48 nurseries in Hong Kong. The fathers' mean age is 39.1. 72.9 % of the fathers graduated from secondary school and 86 % had full-time jobs. Measures including self-efficacy subscale in the Parenting Sense of Competency Scale, the Index of Marital Satisfaction, the Inventory of Father Involvement were adopted in the present study. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that fathering self-efficacy and marital satisfaction were significant positive predictors of father involvement, whereas marital satisfaction moderated the effect of fathering self-efficacy on father involvement. It is thus important to improve martial satisfaction and enhance fathering self-efficacy for promoting father involvement. To gain a more comprehensive picture, future studies of father involvement may benefit by adopting a longitudinal research design, including the mothers and children as informants, and addressing other parenting correlates such as parenting stress and spousal support.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1051-1060
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Chinese fathers
  • Father involvement
  • Fathering self-efficacy
  • Marital satisfaction
  • Spillover/compensation effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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