The dnaA initiator protein binds specific sequences in the 245-base pair Escherichia coli origin (oriC) to form a series of complexes which eventually are opened enough to admit dnaB helicase into a prepriming complex (Bramhill, D., and Kornberg, A. (1988) Cell 52, 743-755). ATP bound to a high-affinity site on dnaA protein is the preferred form for one or more of the early stages, but an elevated level of ATP is needed for a later stage; further evidence for a low-affinity site has now been obtained. We find that at limiting levels of dnaA protein only the ATP form produces an active initial complex; neither the ADP nor the non-nucleotide forms are effective. Augmentation of the activity of a limiting level of the ATP form of dnaA protein by the otherwise inert ADP form implies that at some stage of initiation both forms are active. The dnaA protein is essential up to the stage of forming the prepriming complex; upon salt dissociation from an oriC complex, the protein can be recycled to function at a fresh origin. Distinctive conformational states of the ATP form are implied by interactions with oriC DNA, by the influence of phospholipids on accelerating nucleotide exchange, and by the susceptibility to proteolytic cleavage.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Jan 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas