Fast removal and recovery of Cr(VI) using surface-modified jacobsite (MnFe2O4) nanoparticles

Jing Hu, Irene M.C. Lo, Guohua Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

281 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, the effectiveness of surface-modified jacobsite (MnFe2O4) nanoparticles was investigated for the removal and recovery of Cr(VI) from synthetic wastewater. Ten nanometer modified MnFe2O4nanoparticles were produced to be a new adsorbent using a co-precipitation method followed by a surface redox reaction. The equilibrium time for Cr(VI) adsorption onto modified MnFe2O4nanoparticles was as short as 5 min, and the adsorption data fit the Langmuir model well. The maximum uptake of 31.5 mg of Cr(VI)/g of modified MnFe2O4was obtained at pH 2, which was comparable with other common adsorbents such as activated carbon and sawdust. The effects of ligands (EDTA, SO42-, NH4+) and ionic strength were studied in a pH range of 2-10. EDTA and SO42-inhibited the adsorption of Cr(VI) over the entire pH range studied, whereas NH4+enhanced the uptake of Cr(VI) at pH greater than 6.5. The mechanisms leading to Cr(VI) adsorption by modified MnFe2O4nanoparticles were determined by X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to be a combination of electrostatic interaction and ion exchange. Regeneration studies indicated the potential reuse of the modified MnFe2O4nanoparticles without sacrificing adsorption capacity and the possible recycling of Cr(VI) without changing the valence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11173-11179
Number of pages7
JournalLangmuir
Volume21
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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