Fast-polarization-hopping transmission diversity to mitigate prolonged deep fades in indoor wireless communications

Kainam Thomas Wong, So Leung Alex Chan, Rafael P. Torres

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Fast-polarization-hopping (FPH) transmission diversity is herein proposed to mitigate prolonged deep fades at the mobile receiver in, for example, the indoor propagation environment. Even if the individual multipaths are each sufficiently strong for detection, deep fades may occur due to the multipath signals' destructive summation at the receiver. The relative immobility of the transmitter, the propagation environment, and the receiver in the indoor environment means that a deep fade may last for a very long duration, dropping calls or severing links. By rapidly hopping the transmission polarization (say, alternating transmission between a vertically-polarized-dipole antenna and a horizontally-polarized-dipole antenna - or between two "X"-oriented dipoles), the effective propagation channel experiences consecutive polarization modes (each involving a different multipath summation), all within the duration allowed by the channel-coder's interleaving depth. This scheme is usable for either frequency-shift keying (with incoherent demodulation), or for channel-coded phase-shift keying (with differential coding, or with pilot-symbol phase synchronization). This scheme requires no change in the mobile receiver (which does not need to be dual polarized). The base station also needs no spatially separated antenna array, nor any other additional hardware, no mechanical movement of the transmitting antenna(s), and no sophisticated signal processing (such as channel estimation or closed-loop feedback) nor any additional software. The proposed scheme's cost - relative to using antenna arrays at the base station and/or the mobile - is a potentially doubling of the transmission bandwidth. The proposed scheme's potential is illustrated by limited computer simulations using CINDOOR, a polarization-sensitive indoor wireless-propagation ray-tracing simulation software package based on Geometrical Optics and the Uniform Theory of Diffraction (GO/UTD).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-27
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Dipole antennas
  • Dispersive channels
  • Diversity methods
  • Fading channels
  • Frequency hop communication
  • Frequency shift keying
  • Indoor ratio communication
  • Microwave communication
  • Mobile communication
  • Radio communication equipment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Fast-polarization-hopping transmission diversity to mitigate prolonged deep fades in indoor wireless communications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this