Fast-grown interpenetrating network in poly(3-hexylthiophene): Methanofullerenes solar cells processed with additive

Hsiang Yu Chen, Hoichang Yang, Guanwen Yang, Nivas Sri Sista, Ruben Zadoyan, Gang Li, Yang Yang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

177 Citations (Scopus)


With the aim of revealing the role of additives in polymer solar cells, different amounts of 1,8-octanedithiol (OT) were added to the poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and [6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) blend system in order to observe the transition between systems with and without additive. We found that highly efficient P3HT:PCBM networks can be formed in the very early stage of the spin-coating process when a small amount of additive was added. The carrier mobilities of this fast-grown network were found to be comparable with those processed with solvent annealing. As a result, short circuit current density (J sc) as high as ∼9 mA cm -2 can be obtained and the fill factor (FF) can reach ∼62%. The power conversion efficiency (PCE), however, is limited by the low open circuit voltage (V Oc) of the devices processed with OT. According to the grazing incidence X-ray diffraction data, a much shorter interlayer spacing (d (100) ∼ 15.6-15.7 Å) compared with those processed with different methods is observed in the polymer blends processed with OT, which is likely the reason for the low V oc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7946-7953
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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