With the aim of revealing the role of additives in polymer solar cells, different amounts of 1,8-octanedithiol (OT) were added to the poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and [6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) blend system in order to observe the transition between systems with and without additive. We found that highly efficient P3HT:PCBM networks can be formed in the very early stage of the spin-coating process when a small amount of additive was added. The carrier mobilities of this fast-grown network were found to be comparable with those processed with solvent annealing. As a result, short circuit current density (J sc) as high as ∼9 mA cm -2 can be obtained and the fill factor (FF) can reach ∼62%. The power conversion efficiency (PCE), however, is limited by the low open circuit voltage (V Oc) of the devices processed with OT. According to the grazing incidence X-ray diffraction data, a much shorter interlayer spacing (d (100) ∼ 15.6-15.7 Å) compared with those processed with different methods is observed in the polymer blends processed with OT, which is likely the reason for the low V oc.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry