Falls among the community-living elderly people in Hong Kong: A retrospective study

Nai Kuen Fong, Man Hong Andrew Siu, Kenneth Au Yeung, Samantha W.S. Cheung, Che Hin Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To examine the base rate of falls for a group of community-living elderly people in Hong Kong. Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of 554 elderly people aged 65 years or above living in various geographical regions of Hong Kong, who had completed assessments at a community centre over a period of 4 months. Participants were recruited by convenience sampling and stratified by age range according to the distribution in Hong Kong population. They were asked to report on their fall history for a period of the 12 months before joining the study. Results: Of all the participants, 111 reported having fallen during the preceding 12 months. The fall rate was 29%, and the 1-year prevalence of falls was 20%, dropping to 6.3% for two or more falls. Of all the falls, 47.7% occurred indoors whereas 52.3% occurred outdoors. Results showed female gender, Timed Up & Go Test, self-reported history of upper limb fracture, an intake of four or more types of medication, receiving rehabilitation services, and living with a couple only were independent predictors for fallers with at least one fall. There were no significant differences between the number of near-miss experienced by fallers and nonfallers in the past 12 months. Conclusion: We determined the base rate of falls for a group of community-living elderly people of Hong Kong. Retrospective methods, which ask elderly people living in a community to recall their falls, may be used to identify risks preceding falls and to facilitate early intervention.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-40
Number of pages8
JournalHong Kong Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Accidental falls
  • Community-living elderly
  • Retrospective study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Occupational Therapy

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