Factors associated with the quality of life of nursing home residents in Hong Kong

C. K.Y. Lai, D. D.M. Leung, E. W.Y. Kwong, R. L.P. Lee

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The quality of life of nursing home residents has increasingly become an important dimension when evaluating care in a nursing home. Not a lot is known about the quality of life of nursing home residents in Hong Kong. Aim: To investigate factors associated with the quality of life of nursing home residents to inform care management policies and service delivery. Methods: This study reports data from 125 nursing home residents. The Hong Kong Chinese version of the World Health Organization's Quality of Life-Brief version was used. Other measures used include the Mini-Mental State Examination, the Mini-Nutritional Assessment, the Geriatric Depression Scale, the Modified STRATIFY Falls Prediction Tool and the Modified Barthel Index. A univariate analysis and a multiple regression analysis were then performed to identify the influencing factors. Results: The participants reported a moderate level of quality of life, with the exception in the domain of social relationships. A univariate analysis found some associations between demographic and clinical characteristics and quality of life. A multiple regression analysis indicated that pain, being younger (65-74 years), having son(s) or daughter(s), and cognitive impairment were negatively associated factors. Limitations: The smallness of the sample from a single study site limits the generalizability of the findings. Conclusion: This study provides information that has hitherto been lacking on the quality of life and associated factors among local nursing home residents in Hong Kong. The preliminary findings can help healthcare staff to identify those at risk of suffering from a low quality of life and to design appropriate care interventions to improve the quality of life of such residents. Implications: Adequate pain relief, family connectedness and special attention to the needs of those with cognitive impairment are important considerations in ensuring a better quality of life for older people in long-term resident
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-129
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Nursing Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Aged
  • Long-Term Care
  • Nursing Homes
  • Pain
  • Quality of Life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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