Factors associated with older people’s long-term care needs: a case study adopting the expanded version of the Anderson Model in China

Yuan Yuan Fu, Yu Guo, Xue Bai, Ernest Wing Tak Chui

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Alongside changes in society and the economy, the family’s function of taking care of older people is weakening and the formal care mode is becoming more accepted. Older Chinese people are facing diverse choices of long-term care (LTC) modes. Acknowledging this situation, to optimize older people’s arrangements for LTC services and improve quality of later life, this study sets out to explore and make theoretical sense of older people’s LTC needs and to identify the factors influencing their LTC needs. Methods: Questionnaire data were collected from 1090 participants in four Chinese cities in 2014. A conceptual framework was established based on the Anderson Model (i.e., predisposing factors, enabling factors, and need factors), and further strengthened by adding several psychosocial factors (i.e. intergenerational relationships, unmet care service needs, and self-image). Multinomial logistic regression was adopted to explore the influencing factors of LTC needs. Participants choosing home-and-community-based care were regarded as the reference group. Results: After controlling for predisposing, enabling, and need factors, those with better self-image (OR = 1.027, p = 0.021) and fewer unmet care service needs (OR = 0.936, p = 0.009) were identified as being more likely to choose family care; those with less close intergenerational relationships (OR = 0.676, p = 0.019), fewer unmet care service needs (OR = 0.912, p = 0.027), and better self-image (OR = 1.044, p = 0.026) were more likely to choose institutional care. Gender- and age-related differences in the determinants of LTC needs were observed. Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that professionals and service providers should pay more attention to the important role of psychosocial factors in affecting older people’s LTC needs and be more sensitive to gender- and age-related differences. Effective efforts to improve intergenerational relationships, to further develop care services for older people, and to foster a more positive image of aging should be emphasized.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2017


  • Anderson Model
  • Influencing factors
  • Long-term care needs
  • Older people
  • Psychosocial factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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