Frailty is a dynamic process. Identifying the factors associated with frailty transition may increase the opportunities for success in interventions for frailty. This scoping review, following Arksey and O'Malley's methodological framework, aimed to identify the factors associated with frailty transition and the rate of frailty transition among community-dwelling older people. A literature search was conducted. Among the included studies, 5, 13, and 3 involved follow-up intervals of 2–3 years (short term), 4–6 years (intermediate term), and >6 years (long term), respectively. Reportedly, life course characteristics, diseases, and psychological factors were related to frailty transitions at all follow-up intervals. Physical factors were related to frailty transition at both short and intermediate follow-up intervals, while social factors were related to frailty transition at intermediate follow-up intervals. The rate of improvement in frailty seemed to decrease, and that of worsening seemed to increase when the follow-up intervals lengthened.
- Community dwelling
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