Factors associated to the practice of using masks by the population of Paraíba during the COVID-19 pandemic

Fernanda Maria Vieira Pereira-Ávila, Simon Ching Lam, Elucir Gir, Fernanda Garcia Bezerra Góes, Maria Eliane Moreira Freire, Ana Cristina de Oliveira e Silva

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Objective: To evaluate the practice of using masks by the population of the Brazilian state of Paraíba during the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Method: Cross-sectional, descriptiveanalytical study conducted with adults living in the state of Paraíba through an online instrument from April to May 2020, through the Face Mask Use Scale of Faculdades Metropolitanas Unidas da Paraíba. 

Results: The participants amounted to 1,307 (100.0%) individuals, who were predominantly female (78.0%), aged 35 to 45 (32.3%), married (53.3%) and post-graduates (46.9%). The mean score for the practice of using masks was 18.7 (SD = 8.0; minimum 6.00; maximum 30). The use of masks for self-protection scored 9.8 (DP = 3.9; minimum 3.0; maximum 15.0), whereas the score for protection of others was 8.9 (SD = 4.5; minimum 3.0; maximum 15.0). In the comparison between the scores of the practice of using masks, there was a significant statistical difference for gender, education, age group, and income (p ≤ 0.01). The practice of using masks was more frequent in health environments, 7.3 (DP = 3.2). 

Conclusion: The practice of using masks was predominant among women, people over 35, married, with an income higher than seven minimum wages, and post-graduation. The use of masks for self-protection was higher than for the protection of others and its use in health environments was higher than in the others.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalRevista da Escola de Enfermagem
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • Communicable Diseases
  • Coronavirus Infections
  • Doenças Transmissíveis
  • Enfermedades Transmisibles
  • Infecciones por Coronavirus
  • Infecções por Coronavírus
  • Masks
  • Medidas de Segurança
  • Medidas de Seguridad
  • Máscaras
  • Pandemias
  • Pandemics
  • Public Health
  • Salud Pública
  • Saúde Pública
  • Security Measures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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