Purpose: To explore how key factors and processes, in the pre-disaster context (specifically in the mitigation phase), shape the disaster resilience of older women who are widowed, head of household, and living in poverty in the Philippines. Design: and Methods: A qualitative case study design was used. Multiple data collection methods included photography/videography, semi-structured interviews, observation, and document review. Thematic analysis was the analytical method employed. Results: The older women constructed that their capacity to build back better after a disaster were related to eight factors and processes, in the pre-disaster context: employment/livelihood(s), land tenure, housing, kinship relationships, healthcare disparities, spirituality/religiosity, gendered roles, norms, and stereotypes regarding older women, and their independence and dignity. Implications: The main finding in the study is that employment/livelihoods play a pre-eminent role. The findings suggest that: i) research, policy and practice should focus on resilience with the “forgotten workforce,” ii) resilience-building interventions require a holistic practice model, and iii) such efforts should be developed in ways that both address the collective situation of older persons, and remain flexible to adapt to particular situations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
- Safety Research