Facile synthesis of truncated cube-like NiSe2single crystals for high-performance asymmetric supercapacitors

Shaolan Wang, Wei Li, Lipeng Xin, Ming Wu, Yi Long, Haitao Huang, Xiaojie Lou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Numerous electrode materials have been studied in supercapacitors for next-generation energy storage applications. As a paramagnetic metal with low resistivity, NiSe2has received much attention and been used extensively in many applications, including energy storage, electrocatalysts, and high temperature superconductors, etc. However, the capacitive properties of NiSe2are rarely investigated. In the present work, truncated cube-like NiSe2single crystals are synthesized by a facile hydrothermal approach and further used as electrode material in supercapacitors. The effects of different loading mass of electrode material on electrochemical capacitive behaviors are also investigated. Experimental results demonstrate that under a mass loading of 3.90 mg cm−2, the as-prepared NiSe2electrode exhibits a high specific capacitance of 1044 F g−1at 3 A g−1(or an areal capacitance of 4.07 F cm−2), along with an excellent rate capability (601 F g−1at 30 A g−1). Besides, the morphology change and the impedance increasement are responsible for the worse cycling performance of NiSe2electrode in the three-electrode system. Meanwhile, the practical electrochemical energy storage behavior of as-synthesized NiSe2is investigated in an asymmetric supercapacitor. The NiSe2//activated carbon (AC) asymmetric device possesses an outstanding cycle life (87.4% after 20,000 successive cycles), a high energy density of 44.8 Wh kg−1at 969.7 W kg−1and a higher power density of 17.2 kW kg−1at 17.4 Wh kg−1, showing attractive potential in practical applications. This work opens avenue for utilizing single crystal NiSe2as electrode material and providing important guidance to the further investigation of nickel selenides for advanced supercapacitors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1334-1341
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume330
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Asymmetric supercapacitor
  • NiSe single crystal 2
  • Truncated cube-like

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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