In this article, three-dimensional nanoporous Cu/Cu6Sn5 microparticles (3D-NP Cu/Cu6Sn5 MPs) were prepared by one-step chemical dealloying of Cu20Sn80 (at%) alloy slices in a mixed aqueous solution of HF and HNO3 and then filled into a three-dimensional porous copper foam (3D-PCF) skeleton as anode (3D-PCF@Cu/Cu6Sn5) for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). The results show that the ellipsoidal 3D-NP Cu/Cu6Sn5 MPs with feature sizes of 3 to 8 μm are composed of numerous uniform nanoparticles (100 to 200 nm) and plenty of voids. Compared with similar Sn-based electrodes in this work and other published reports, the as-prepared electrode delivers more outstanding electrochemical performance with a superior reversible capacity of 1.90 mAh cm−2, 84.44% capacity retention and > 99.5% coulombic efficiency upon 200 cycles. The cycling stability and integrity of the overall structure of the composite electrode have been greatly enhanced under the synergistic effect of the buffer effect of copper as the inactive component, the unique hierarchical porous electrode architecture and the effective limitation in three dimensions of the 3D-PCF skeleton. We are confident that this work can provide new-generation LIBs with a promising anode candidate and a facile method of dealloying, and a subsequent filling step can achieve the practical production and application of high-performance LIBs.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys