Facile design of Au@Pt core-shell nanostructures: Formation of Pt submonolayers with tunable coverage and their applications in electrocatalysis

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Abstract

A facile design of Pt nanostructures from submonolayer to monolayer has been realized by ion adsorption-in situ electrochemical reduction on Au nanoparticles supported on multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The as prepared Au@Pt/CNTs catalysts display coverage-specific electrocatalysis. Au@Pt/CNTs with low Pt coverage is inactive towards methanol oxidation whereas it oxidizes formic acid effectively through a direct pathway with mass specific activity 90 times that of a commercial Pt/C catalyst. Due to its inertness to methanol, it shows high performance in the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) with high methanol tolerance. In contrast, simply increasing the Pt coverage to above 40% switches the formic acid oxidation process to both direct and indirect catalytic pathways, and also results in high methanol oxidation activity. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-417
Number of pages8
JournalNano Research
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • electrocatalysis
  • fuel cell
  • platinum
  • submonolayer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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