Fabrication of sustainable manganese ferrite modified biochar from vinasse for enhanced adsorption of fluoroquinolone antibiotics: Effects and mechanisms

Yujia Xiang, Xiao Yang, Zhangyi Xu, Wenyong Hu, Yaoyu Zhou, Zhonghao Wan, Yuhui Yang, Yuyi Wei, Jian Yang, Daniel C.W. Tsang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

91 Citations (Scopus)


An effective adsorbent towards fluoroquinolone antibiotics was synthesized via a facile two-step approach, the co-precipitation of Fe, Mn with vinasse wastes and then pyrolysis under controlled conditions which denoted as FMB. Its adsorption behavior was examined based on a batch adsorption experiment of fluoroquinolone antibiotics pefloxacin (PEF) and ciprofloxacin (CIP). Experimental factors, such as pH, adsorbent dose, ionic strength, contact time and temperature have done a great deal to influence the adsorption of PEF and CIP. The FMB demonstrated excellent performance in reusability tests towards to both PEF and CIP, which showed that the recycling efficiency of PEF and CIP could remain ~55% and ~80% after five recycle cycles, respectively. The dominated adsorption mechanisms included pore filling effect, π-π stacking interaction, π-π EDA, hydrogen bonding and hydrophobicity. Overall, this work presented FMB was recognized as an effective, environmental-friendly and magnetically separable adsorbent for alleviating fluoroquinolone antibiotics contamination from water.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136079
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2020


  • Adsorption mechanism
  • Biochar modification
  • Fluoroquinolone antibiotics
  • Waste management
  • Wastewater decontamination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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