Fabrication of Highly Efficient Flame-Retardant and Fluorine-Free Superhydrophobic Cotton Fabric by Constructing Multielement-Containing POSS@ZIF-67@PDMS Micro-Nano Hierarchical Coatings

Fuwei Liang, Yang Xu, Shun Chen, Yalin Zhu, Yaxun Huang, Bin Fei, Wenwen Guo

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The facile construction of a cotton fabric with excellent flame-retardant and water-proof abilities is of great interest for multitask requirements. Herein, a nonfluorine, highly efficient, and cost-effective multifunctional cotton fabric was fabricated via sequentially depositing a novel multielement-containing flame-retardant phosphorylated octa-aminopropyl POSS (PPA-POSS) and a fluorine-free superhydrophobic coating of zeolitic imidazolate framework-67@poly(dimethylsiloxane) (ZIF-67@PDMS). Influences of the PPA-POSS concentration and ZIF-67@PDMS formula on the fire retardancy and water repellency of treated cotton were systematically investigated. The optimized flame-retardant sample CTF3 with 6.2 wt % PPA-POSS exhibited a high limiting oxygen index (LOI) of 34% and self-extinguishing ability. CTF3 was further modified with a properly formulated superhydrophobic ZIF-67@PDMS coating. CTF3-PHB2 displayed enhanced thermal stability, flame retardancy, and outstanding superhydrophobicity. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) results demonstrated that CTF3-PHB2 presented a high char residue of 35.9%, which was 220.5% higher than that of the control cotton (11.2%). More importantly, the heat release rate (HRR), total heat release (THR), and average effective heat of combustion (av-EHC) values of CTF3-PHB2 were significantly reduced by 51.4, 56.2, and 68.4%, respectively, compared with those of a pure cotton fabric. Moreover, CTF3-PHB2 showed superhydrophobicity (WCA > 159.3°) and good mechanical abrasion resistance. In addition, CTF3-PHB2 also showed protective abilities such as antifouling, self-cleaning, and water/oil separation performances even for strong acid/alkali mixtures. Thereby, it is believed that the PPA-POSS@ZIF-67@PDMS coating is promising for application in multifunctional textile materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56027-56045
Number of pages19
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume14
Issue number50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • cotton fabric
  • high-efficiency flame retardancy
  • nonfluorinated coating
  • superhydrophobicity
  • ZIF-67@PDMS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science

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