Fabrication of engineered biochar from paper mill sludge and its application into removal of arsenic and cadmium in acidic water

Kwangsuk Yoon, Dong Wan Cho, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Nanthi Bolan, Jörg Rinklebe, Hocheol Song

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)


The characterization results revealed that the biochar had the structure of complex aggregates containing solid minerals (FeO, Fe3O4and CaCO3) and graphitic carbon. Adsorption studies were carried out covering various parameters including pH effect, contact time, initial concentrations, competitive ions, and desorption. The adsorption of As(V) and Cd(II) reached apparent equilibrium at 180 min, and followed the pseudo-second-order kinetics. The highest equilibrium uptakes of As(V) and Cd(II) were 22.8 and 41.6 mg g−1, respectively. The adsorption isotherms were better described by Redlich-Peterson model. The decrease in As(V) adsorption was apparent with the increase in PO43−concentration, and a similar inhibition effect was observed for Cd(II) adsorption with Ni(II) ion. The feasibility of regeneration was demonstrated through desorption by NaOH or HCl.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-75
Number of pages7
JournalBioresource Technology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017


  • Adsorption
  • Arsenic
  • Cadmium
  • Magnetic biochar
  • Paper mill sludge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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