TiO2nanotube arrays were decorated with Ag/Ag3PO4nanoparticles through a sequential chemical bath deposition and followed by partial reduction of Ag+ions in the Ag3PO4nanoparticles to Ag0under UV irradiation. The structure and optical properties of the Ag/Ag3PO4/TiO2nanotube electrode were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. The photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) activity of the composite electrode was evaluated by the decomposition of 2-chlorophenol under visible light irradiation (λ > 420 nm). Clusters of Ag/Ag3PO4nanoparticles were successfully formed on the surface of the TiO2nanotubes (NTs) causing no damage to the ordered structure of the nanotubes. The PL intensity of Ag/Ag3PO4/TiO2NTs was much lower than that of TiO2nanotubes. The p-type Ag3PO4and Ag nanoparticles deposited on the TiO2NTs could promote the transfer of photo-generated electrons, which inhibited the recombination of electrons and holes effectively, leading to a significant increase in the photocurrent density. Moreover, the Ag/Ag3PO4/TiO2heterostructure photoelectrodes showed much higher PEC activity than the pure TiO2NTs for the degradation of 2-CP aqueous solution under visible light irradiation. The enhanced PEC activity could be attributed to the visible-light photocatalytic activity of Ag3PO4and the heterostructure between Ag3PO4and TiO2. The electron spin resonance (ESR) spin-trap study further demonstrated that OH could be generated on the Ag/Ag3PO4/TiO2NTs under visible light irradiation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)