Fabrication and Characterization of Gecko-inspired Dry Adhesion, Superhydrophobicity and Wet Self-cleaning Surfaces

Yongchao Zhang, Shuxin Qu, Xiang Cheng, Xueling Gao, Xia Guo

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, gecko-inspired polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microfiber surfaces were fabricated by combining Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) and micro-mold casting. The effect of roughness and surface energy of counterface on the adhesion of gecko-inspired microfiber surfaces and its superhydrophobicity and wet self-cleaning were studied. The adhesion of gecko-inspired microfiber surfaces depended on the roughness of the counterfaces due to the influences of contact area and interlocking mechanism. SEM images of interfaces between counterfaces with different roughness and gecko-inspired microfiber surfaces revealed the matched and dis-matched contact directly. The gecko-inspired microfiber surface got the larger adhesive force from the higher surface energy counterface, which is consisted with Johnson-Kendall-Roberts (JKR) theory. The smaller dimension and lower duty ratio of microfibers on PDMS resulted in the increasing of Water Contact Angle (WCA) and the decreasing of Sliding Angle (SA) compared to those of smooth PDMS. Particularly, sample P-8-28-20 had the biggest WCA (155°) and SA (7°), which displayed the superhydrophobicity and the best wet self-cleaning efficiency in all samples. The present studies showed that the roughness and surface energy of counterface both affected the adhesion of gecko-inspired microfiber surfaces. The smaller dimension and lower duty ratio of microfibers on PDMS endowed it with the superhydrophobicity and the wet self-cleaning abilities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-142
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Bionic Engineering
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Counterface
  • Gecko-inspired microfiber polydimethylsiloxane surfaces
  • Superhydrophobicity
  • Surface properties
  • Wet self-cleaning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering

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