Extrapolation based constitutive modeling of flow stress of titanium alloy sheet under hot-working condition

J. Guo, M. Zhan, Mingwang Fu, P. F. Gao, F. Ma

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Due to the limitation of stress-strain range obtained by tension tests, constitutive models of sheet metal generally cannot accurately describe the large deformation behaviors involved in forming process under hot-working condition. Thus, extrapolation and constitutive modeling of flow stress is critical in sheet metal forming process. In this study, the flow behaviors of a titanium alloy sheet in hot-working process were investigated via hot tension tests under different conditions. The strain at necking onset is found having a minimum value of 0.11, which limits accurately describing the large deformation behaviors involved in forming process. While the flow stress shows work hardening and flow softening behaviors with temperature and strain rate and further behaves the temperature and strain rate sensitivities. Considering the limited stress-strain range, an extrapolation model was proposed considering the work hardening and flow softening behaviors. The model parameters were attained through finite element (FE) based inverse method, and the flow stress at large strain was thus obtained. With the extrapolated stress, a constitutive model was developed considering the flow stress characteristics with quantitative analysis. The results show that this model serves a feasible approach to describing the flow behaviors of titanium alloy under hot-working conditions with large deformation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-107
Number of pages12
JournalMaterials and Design
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2018


  • Constitutive model
  • Finite element simulation
  • Flow stress extrapolation
  • Hot-working condition
  • Titanium alloy sheet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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