The skeleton is essential for general shape representation. The commonly required properties of a skeletonization algorithm are that the extracted skeleton should be accurate; robust to noise, position and rotation; able to reconstruct the original object; and able to produce a connected skeleton in order to preserve its topological and hierarchical properties. However, the use of a discrete image presents a lot ofproblems that may influence the extraction of the skeleton. Moreover, most ofthe methods are memory-intensive and computationally intensive, and require a complex data structure. In this paper, we propose a fast, efficient and accurate skeletonization method for the extraction of a well-connected Euclidean skeleton based on a signed sequential Euclidean distance map. A connectivity criterion is proposed, which can be used to determine whether a given pixel is a skeleton point independently. The criterion is based on a set of point pairs along the object boundary, which are the nearest contour points to the pixel under consideration and its 8 neighbors. Our proposed method generates a connected Euclidean skeleton with a single pixel width without requiring a linking algorithm or iteration process. Experiments show that the runtime of our algorithm is faster than the distance transformation and is linearly proportional to the number of pixels ofan image.
- Distance transform
- Maximal disk
- Medial axis transform
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- Signal Processing
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering