A new method is reported for monitoring respiratory activity using photoplethysmography (PPG) without the need of prior knowledge of the respiratory rate range. Two channels of transmission mode PPG signals were collected from the subject's index finger and analyzed using an independent component analysis (ICA) algorithm. The respiratory activity was separated from the heart-related pulsation in PPG after the ICA analysis. The results demonstrated that the ICA analysis could successfully extract normal and simulated apnoea respiratory activities. The algorithm was applied for both simulated signals and those collected from 10 young normal adults. The reported technique may be potentially used for the simultaneous monitoring of the pulse rate and respiratory activity based on the hardware of current pulse oximetry devices. The structure and implementation of this preliminary respiratory activity monitoring system were presented. Possible further improvements for the system performance were also discussed.
- Independent component analysis
- Pulse oximetry
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry