Extraction of 3D highway geometric parameters using remote sensing techniques

Wai Yeung Yan, Ahmed Shaker, Said M. Easa

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

The study investigates the use of remote sensing techniques in extracting accurate 3D highway geometric parameters using a case study in Hong Kong. A stereo-pair of Very High Resolution (VHR) IKONOS satellite images (1-m spatial resolution) covering Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula are first geo-referenced using a polynomial-based generic pushbroom model and a sufficient number of Ground Control Points (GCPs) acquired by static Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements. The highway geometric parameters are extracted semi- automatically using stereoscopic measurements and the geometric accuracy of the alignments were assessed by comparing the same alignments extracted from stereo aerial images delivered in 10-cm spatial resolution. The Root Mean Squared (RMS) errors in both vertical and horizontal directions of the stereo IKONOS images were found to be within 0.8 m. With this accuracy, the geometric parameters of an interchange (radius and center of the horizontal curve, and length and curvature of the vertical curve) in the study area are extracted from both the IKONOS and aerial datasets. It is found that there is only less than 0.5 m difference between the radii extracted from the two datasets. For the vertical alignments, the measurements on the same loop ramp derived from the stereo aerial and IKONOS images are fitted to a symmetrical parabolic curve. The results show that the geometric parameters extracted from the stereo IKONOS images are very close to those extracted by the stereo aerial images. The findings of this paper can generally contribute to the knowledge-based components of geographic information system (GIS) database and to intelligent transportation systems (ITS).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 1st International Postgraduate Conference on Infrastructure and Environment, IPCIE 2009
Pages528-535
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event1st International Postgraduate Conference on Infrastructure and Environment, IPCIE 2009 - Hong Kong, China
Duration: 5 Jun 20096 Jun 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 1st International Postgraduate Conference on Infrastructure and Environment, IPCIE 2009

Conference

Conference1st International Postgraduate Conference on Infrastructure and Environment, IPCIE 2009
CountryChina
CityHong Kong
Period5/06/096/06/09

Keywords

  • 3D Model
  • Geometric Parameters
  • Highway
  • Horizontal Alignment
  • Stereo IKONOS
  • Vertical Alignment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Environmental Science(all)

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